Isophthalic AcidC6H4(CO2H)2

Isophthalic acid is a non-toxic, colorless crystalline solid that is used to make simple esters widely used as plasticizers.

Isophthalic Acid Overview

Isophthalic acid is a colorless crystalline solid. It is used as an intermediate primarily for unsaturated polyester resins and alkyd and polyester coating resins; other applications include use in aramid fibers, as a component of copolyester resins and in high-temperature polymers. Nearly pure isophthalic acid has a purity of >99.8%. This material is called purified isophthalic acid or PIA.

Currently, there is significant global overcapacity for isophthalic acid, with sufficient spare capacity for the next five years.

Isophthalic acid (1,3-benzenecarboxylic acid) is the meta form of phthalic acid. It is a white crystalline solid subliming at 345°C. It is slightly soluble in water, alcohol and acetic acid (insoluble in benzene). Isophthalic acid is obtained by oxidizing meta-xylene with chromic acid, or by fusing potassium meta-sulphobenzoate, or meta-brombenzoate with potassium formate. IPA has excellent performance characteristics including exceptional hardness, corrosion and stain resistance, hydrolytic stability of coatings and gel coats, outstanding thermal stability and low resin color in coatings industry.

Isophthalic acid is a key ingredient in FRP (Fiberglass Reinforced Plastics) markets for such products as marine, automotive, and corrosion resistant pipes and tanks. Polyesters containing isophthalic acid are also used extensively in industrial coatings applications for home appliances, automobiles, aluminum siding, and metal office furniture. It used as an intermediate for polyesters, polyurethane resins, plasticizers.

About Isophthalic Acid

Isophthalic acid (IPA) is a non-toxic organic compound with the formula C6H4(CO2H)2. This colorless solid is an isomer of phthalic acid and terephthalic acid. These aromatic dicarboxylic acids are used as precursors (in the form of acylchlorides) to commercially important polymers. The high-performance polymer polybenzimidazole is produced from isophthalic acid.

Isophthalic acid is produced on the billion kilogram/year scale by oxidizing meta-xylene using oxygen. The process employs a cobalt-manganese catalyst.

The (1,3-benzenecarboxylic acid) is the meta form of phthalic acid. It is a white crystalline solid subliming at 345°C. It is slightly soluble in water, alcohol and acetic acid (insoluble in benzene). Isophthalic acid is obtained by oxidizing meta-xylene with chromic acid, or by fusing potassium meta-sulphobenzoate, or meta-brombenzoate with potassium formate.

Isophthalic acid is a key ingredient in FRP (Fiberglass Reinforced Plastics) markets for such products as marine, automotive, and corrosion resistant pipes and tanks. Polyesters containing PIA (Purified Isophthalic Acid) are also used extensively in industrial coatings applications for home appliances, automobiles, aluminum siding, and metal office furniture.

Applications using Isophthalic Acid

Isophthalic acid (PIA) has three major uses:

  • PET (PolyEthylene Terephthalate) copolymer, which is used in bottle resins and to a much lesser extent, for fibers. PIA (Purified Isophthalic Acid) reduces the crystallinity of PET, which serves to improve clarity and increase the productivity of bottle-making.
  • Unsaturated polyester resins, where the addition of PIA improves thermal resistance and mechanical performance, as well as resistance to chemicals and water.
  • Polyester/alkyd surface coating resins, where PIA increases resistance to water, overall durability and weatherability.

Product Specification - Isophthalic Acid

Isophthalic Acid Spec TCC – Click Here To Download

Shipping & Ordering Information

TCC’s Isophthalic Acid is available for shipping throughout the continental United States with one (1) week lead time. Please call (401) 423-3100 for details. Isophthalic Acid is available in 1MT net supersacks and 25kg bags palletized w/shrinkwrap.

Contact
The Chemical Company
19 Narragansett Avenue
Post Office Box 436
Jamestown, RI 02835-0436

Telephone: (401) 423-3100
FAX: (401) 423-3102

Robert N. Roach III “Robb”
President
Cell: (401) 864-3111
Email: robb@thechemco.com